During the summer time, heat exhaustion as well as heat stroke are very common in extreme heat. A lot of times it is due to people not knowing that its not enough to just stay hydrated outside in the heat. In this Weather Safe Session we will talk about ways in which we can remain safe in extreme heat.
One of the most important things is to remain hydrated. When you body starts to warm due to excessive temperatures on the outside, your body immediately starts to “Sweat” and or perspire. Which reduces the water quantity in your body. This happens because as the sun evaporates the water off your body it helps to reduce your body temperature and cool you off. So therefore it is very important to stay hydrated in order to keep cool. Drink plenty of water — not soda, or alcoholic beverages as they will cause dehydration at a faster pace.
Another important thing to do is to reduce the amount of time that you spend out in the heat. This is important because at times along wit the heat there is humidity. Which shows the amount of moisture in the atmosphere. Which is why the air when its humid seems so thick and heavy. Dew point temperatures which is a measurement of the moisture in the air. In such cases the air is already significantly saturated as a result, the water does not evaporate as quickly if at all, so as a result the cooling does not take place. Which could lead to dehydration.
In the worst type of heat it is recommended that carpooling or using public transportation is done. Why because as the air quality drops as the heat goes up. Code Orange, RED and Pink, are the highest/worst forms of air quality days. As a result reducing pollution in the air to help others who have problems breathing is recommended.
Be aware of signs, of heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
“Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion
The most common signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion include:
- Dark-colored urine (a sign of dehydration)
- Muscle cramps
- Pale skin
- Profuse sweating
- Rapid heartbeat
Heat exhaustion and Heat stroke are different but in heat exhaustion it is important to take immediate action, to cool the body. You should in hot weather also make sure that you do not wear clothing that is not conducive to that type of weather. Wearing proper clothing is necessary. Heat stroke is even more serious, in such a case medical attention is needed immediately as loss of life is definitely possible.
Temperatures that you should be worried about vary depending on the person who you are and what your body can adjust too. But typically the range would be 85 degrees – 105 degrees+ especially with humidity. We hope these pointers and tips help you as you endeavor to stay safe in the summer heat this year.